What are the Common Causes of Leg Pain?

Leg pain can be caused by a variety of vascular (circulatory) problems and diseases.  Fortunately, if caught earlier enough, in most cases leg pain can be treated using minimally invasive procedures.  

Get to know some of the symptoms today

Peripheral Arterial Disease

Normal Artery VS. Peripheral Arterial Disease

Normal Artery VS. Peripheral Arterial Disease

PAD occurs when fatty tissue called plaque builds up on the inside walls of the arteries in your legs, causing them to narrow and reduce blood flow to your legs and feet.

PAD often goes undiagnosed, a scary thought when you consider that PAD can worsen, leading to increased pain, ulcers, amputations, limb loss, and increased risk of heart attacks or strokes.

PAD Symptoms

• Leg pain: cramps, fatigue, or heaviness in the legs • Coldness or numbness in the lower legs and feet
• Foot or toe pain that disturbs sleep
• Wounds on feet that are slow to heal

Treatment

With early detection, lifestyle changes and medication may be enough. If advanced symptoms exist, we can often avoid surgery and treat them with the following procedures: angioplasty, stenting, or removing blockages by shaving or sanding the artery walls. Your physician will determine the best treatment for you depending on your medical history, risk factors, and the severity of the disease.

Vein Disease

Normal Vein VS. Varicose Vein

Normal Vein VS. Varicose Vein

Varicose veins develop due to weakness of the vein wall and improperly functioning vein valves. Under gravity’s pressure, these veins can continue to expand and, in time, may become longer, twisted, pouched, thickened, and painful. This also leads to the formation of large, bulging veins (also known as varicose veins) that are under the skin.

Varicose Vein Symptoms

• Ankle and leg swelling
• Heaviness or fullness of the legs
• Aches, restlessness, fatigue, pain, cramps, or itching • Skin discoloration
• Sores on ankles that are slow to heal

Treatment

There have been significant advances in the treatment of leg vein problems in recent years. Treatment can be conservative, minimally invasive, or invasive, depending on the extent of the varicosities, the symptoms of the patient, and the specific veins involved. Here are some common treatments:

Compression Stockings:

Reduces the symptoms of vein disease, prevents leg swelling and pain, and decreases the risk of blood clots.

Sclerotherapy:

By injecting a special solution into the veins, this minimally invasive procedure blocks the veins that are unsightly or not working well, slowly eliminating them.

Ambulatory Phlebectomy:

This procedure is minimally invasive, and involves removing varicose veins with small hooks through tiny skin incisions. Stitches are not used, and the small incisions are sealed with sterile paper-tape.

Abalation Therapy:

Using a tiny optical fiber, laser/radio frequency energy is delivered to the problematic vein. The fiber makes contact with the blood and inner wall of the vein, sealing the incision as it’s withdrawn. The procedure can be performed in a physician’s office or outpatient setting with minimal sedation and recovery time.

Deep Vein Thrombosis

Normal Vein VS. Deep Vein Thrombosis

Normal Vein VS. Deep Vein Thrombosis

Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) is a blood clot that usually forms in the veins of the lower leg or calf, and can extend to involve the larger veins of the upper legs and thighs. Contraction or squeezing of the muscles around these veins sends blood back to the heart. A blood clot that develops in a deep vein can block this flow and cause complications.

DVT Symptoms

• Sudden swelling of one leg
• Pain or tenderness in the calf muscle or groin
• Skin that is warm to the touch on the legs
• Fullness of the veins just beneath the skin
• Changes in the skin color (blue, red or very pale)

Treatment

Blood clots are usually treated with blood thinners, but for very large clots, physicians may use a device like a tiny vacuum cleaner to remove the clot piece by piece.